Sand mining (Moram) is the extraction of sand, mainly through an open pit or inland dunes and river beds. Sand is in high demand in the construction sector and is often used in manufacturing, for example as an abrasive or in concrete.
Today, demand for sand and gravel continues to increase. By 2020, 1.4 billion tonnes of sand will be required in India. Mining operators, in conjunction with cognizant resource agencies, one must work to ensure that (Moram) sand mining is conducted in a responsible manner. Sand can replace eroded coastline. Some uses require higher purity than others; for example, sand used in concrete must be free of seashell fragments. River sand is preferred for construction because it requires less processing and has better quality than other sources.